Proposed Indicators . "[1], This target has one Indicator: Indicator 15.a.1 is the "Official development assistance and public expenditure on conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystems". Biodiversity and land degradation have strong, mainly synergistic links with SDG 6 (water), SDG 12 (consumption), SDG 13 (climate), SDG 2 (food security), SDG 1 (poverty), SDG 11 (cities) and SDG 7 (energy). Sustainable Development Goal 15 (SDG 15 or Global Goal 15) is about "Life on land." The transactions should mainly promote the economic development and welfare of developing countries.[16]. Explore the proposed SDG Global Monitoring Indicators arranged by target. [7], The full title of Target 15.8 is: "By 2020, introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems and control or eradicate the priority species. SDG Indicator 15.3.1 measures the proportion of land that is degraded over total land area. 14.1.1. [7], The illegal trade and animal trafficking has grown significantly to become one of the world's largest black markets values at tens of billions of dollars. Land cover. Global indicator framework for the Sustainable Development Goals and targets of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Around 1.6 billion people depend on forests for their livelihoods, 2.6 billion people depend directly on agriculture for a living, 80% of forests are home to more than 80 percent of all species of animals, plants and insects. [13] This is accompanied by the fragmented nature of efforts to stabilize the loss of nature and life and land. Each of the targets also has one or more indicators to measure progress. This indicator is under "Goal 15: Life on Land" of the SDGs and it refers to Target 15.3, which focuses on combatting desertification and restoring degraded land:By 2030, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world. [3] The report from 2020 stated that key biodiversity and species remain threatened with extinction and forest areas continue to diminish.[3]. 14.2 . Forests cover roughly 4 billion hectares or 30.7 per cent of the world's land area. Proposed Indicators . Index of coastal eutrophication and floating plastic debris density. The full title of Target 15.b is: "Mobilize significant resources from all sources and at all levels to finance sustainable forest management and provide adequate incentives to developing countries to advance such management, including for conservation and reforestation. The Red List Index (RLI) shows trends in overall extinction risk for species and is used by governments to track their progress towards targets for reducing biodiversity loss. © [2] The world lost nearly 100 million ha of its forests. From 2000 to 2020, forest area decreased in Latin America, sub-Saharan Africa and South-Eastern Asia, driven by land conversion to agriculture. Definition: Indicator 15.9.1 is progress towards national targets established in accordance with Aichi Biodiversity Target 2 of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020. A vision for what this encapsulates is laid out in the new sustainable development agenda that aims to end poverty, promote prosperity and people’s well-being while protecting the environment by 2030. Target 15.2 By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally. SDG 3 and SDG 6 have a high level of synergy with SDG 15. History . 14.1 . Explore the proposed SDG Global Monitoring Indicators arranged by target. [3], The full title of Target 15.2 is: "By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally. Introduction to the integrated baseline process for SDG 6 monitoring. Targets specify the goals and Indicators represent the metrics by which the world aims to track whether these Targets are achieved. Explore the proposed SDG Global Monitoring Indicators arranged by target. This target aims at mobilizing resources at all levels to finance sustainable forest management. 3.2 . By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births <br> Indicators. It is a contributing factor to disrupting nature's balance and increasing the risk and exposure of people to animal-related diseases. The full title of Target 15.3 is: "By 2030, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world. The indicator will contribute to track progress towards SDG Target 15.2. They provide qualification to the management of forest areas and assess areas with a set on national and international standards. Go to top of page. A report in 2018 stated that "biodiversity must be mainstreamed across these sectors and spatial planning integrated accordingly. In total there are fourteen indicators for SDG 15. Stephanie Wunder, Timo Kaphengst, Dr. Ana Frelih- Larsen, Keighley McFarland, Stefanie Albrecht Ecologic Institut, Berlin . The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) highlights the fact that biodiversity-related ODA may often target multiple objectives at the same time, such as climate change and gender equality. 16.1 : Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere. [ SDG 14.3 ] Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels. Explore more SDSN publications on data, monitoring & accountability. Goal description Target Description Indicator ; 16. SDG Indicator 12.1.1 Sustainable consumption and production action plans. Indicator 15.3.1. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss . Indicator 15.c.1: Proportion of traded wildlife that was poached or illicitly trafficked SDG resources a catalogue of the individual SDGs, targets, indicators… Downloads . This target has one Indicator: Indicator 17.15.1 is the "Extent of use of country-owned results frameworks and planning tools by providers of development cooperation". [6] It aims to find a balance between the increasing demands for forest products and the benefits as well as preserving the health and diversity of the forests. Goals, targets and indicators . The UN has defined 10 Targets and 15 Indicators for SDG 11. Goal 15 calls for more attention to preventing invasion of introduced species and more protection of endangered species. Target 15.9 by 2020, integrate ecosystems and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes and poverty reduction strategies, and accounts. 16.1 : Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere. UNDP has worked with the United Nations Development Group (UNDG) in developing a strategy for effective and coherent implementation support of the new sustainable development agenda under the acronym ‘MAPS’ (Mainstreaming, Acceleration, and Policy Support). You are here. Targets and Indicators Target. Land cover. The extinction of species extinction threatens sustainable development and compromises global heritage. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels. 1. The earth's surface is covered 80% by forests. The EU SDG indicator set is open to annual reviews to incorporate indicators from new data sources as well as to take into account new targets in line with the longer-term vision of the EU after 2020 and the priorities of the new von der Leyen Commission. Safely managed sanitation and hygiene services (WHO, UNICEF) 6.3.1 : Wastewater safely treated (WHO, UN-Habitat, UNSD) 6.3.2 . "[1], This target has one indicator: Indicator 15.b.1 is the "Official development assistance and public expenditure on conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystems".[7]. Goals, targets and indicators . Soil organic carbon. The human diet is composed 80% of plant life, which makes agriculture a very important economic resource. The UN has defined 12 Targets and 14 Indicators for SDG 15. [15] The target is to have all biodiversity values integrated into national and local development by 2020 as well the incorporation of planning processes into national reporting systems. Targets specify the goals and Indicators represent the metrics by which the world aims to track whether these Targets are achieved. The broad goals are interrelated though each has its own targets to achieve. The world is facing an unprecedented spike in illegal wildlife trade. [1] The Goal has 12 targets to be achieved by 2030. 15.1.1 Forest area as a percentage of total land area. Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel. [19], The custodian agencies are responsible for data gathering and reporting on the indicators. Target 17.16: Enhance the global partnership for sustainable development. These services, as outlined in the prospectus, cover a wide range of areas: poverty reduction, inclusive growth and productive employment, gender equality and the empowerment of women, HIV and health, access to water and sanitation, climate change adaptation, access to sustainable energy, sustainable management of terrestrial ecosystems, oceans governance, and promotion of peaceful and inclusive … As of 2017, 76% of the world's mountain areas were covered by green vegetation, including forests, shrubs, grassland and cropland. It also leads to spreading poverty and the degradation of billion hectares of cropland. If the RLI value is 1.0, it means that species are categorized as 'Least Concern'. United Nations (2017) Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017, United Nations Economic and Social Council (2020), International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), International Union for Conservation of Nature (UICN), Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD-Secretariat), United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Work of the Statistical Commission pertaining to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, Progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals Report of the Secretary-General, "A policy nexus approach to forests and the SDGs: tradeoffs and synergies", "KEEPING AN EYE ON SDG 15: Working with countries to measure indicators for forests and mountains", "15.1.1 Forest area| Sustainable Development Goals| Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations", "Desertification: 6. Target. [4] Forests have a prominent role to play in the success of Agenda 2030, notably in terms of ecosystem services, livelihoods, and the green economy; but this will require clear priorities to address key tradeoffs and mobilize synergies with other SDGs.[5]. United Nations Development Programme, Programme of Assistance to the Palestinian People, By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements, By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally, By 2030, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world, By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development, Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species, Promote fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and promote appropriate access to such resources, as internationally agreed, Take urgent action to end poaching and trafficking of protected species of flora and fauna and address both demand and supply of illegal wildlife products, By 2020, introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems and control or eradicate the priority species, By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts, Mobilize and significantly increase financial resources from all sources to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity and ecosystems, Mobilize significant resources from all sources and at all levels to finance sustainable forest management and provide adequate incentives to developing countries to advance such management, including for conservation and reforestation, Enhance global support for efforts to combat poaching and trafficking of protected species, including by increasing the capacity of local communities to pursue sustainable livelihood opportunities, Around 1.6 billion people depend on forests for their livelihood. [24], All other 17 sustainable development goals are linked either directly or indirectly with SDG 15. Those are not yet reflected in the table below. 1.1 : By 2030, eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere, currently measured as people living on less than $1.25 a day. The SDGs cover a broad range of social and economic development issues. "[1], This target has one indicator: Indicator 15.5.1 is the "Red List Index".[7]. Goals, targets and indicators . SDG indicators are the foundation of this new global framework for mutual accountability. Wildlife poaching and trafficking threaten biodiversity and ecosystems as well as local livelihoods, wellbeing and security. The presentation introduces the Sustainable Development Goal on water and sanitation (SDG 6) and its eight targets, outlining how the different targets contribute to the overall ambition to “ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all”, highlighting interlinkages with other goals and targets across the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Proposed Indicators . [18], The challenges to combat global poaching and trafficking need to be addressed by enforcing laws and strengthening institutions. ... 2.2.3 Prevalence of anaemia in women aged 15 to 49 years, by pregnancy status (percentage) 2. This goal aims at securing sustainable livelihoods that will be enjoyed for generations to come. The proportion of forest area fell, from 31.9 per cent of total land area in 2000 to 31.2 per cent in 2020, representing a net loss of nearly 100 million ha of the world's forests. [11], The full title of Target 15.4 is: "By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development. 85. For example, there is progress on the numbers of protected areas but enough on the Red List numbers. Below we quote the original text of all Targets and show the data on the agreed Indicators. [21] COVID-19 is a proof that degraded habitats will continue to lead to more animal-human interactions, diversification of diseases, evolutionary processes because parasites spread easily from livestock to human beings. [7], No data are available for this indicator yet. "[13] It also tackles the importance of taking care of land degradation and restoring them where possible. Targets and Indicators Target. Target. Introduction to the integrated baseline process for SDG 6 monitoring. The nine "outcome targets" include: Conserve and restore terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems; end deforestation and restore degraded forests; end desertification and restore degraded land; ensure conservation of mountain ecosystems, protect biodiversity and natural habitats; protect access to genetic resources and fair sharing of the benefits; eliminate poaching and trafficking of protected species; prevent invasive alien species on land and in water ecosystems; and integrate ecosystem and biodiversity in governmental planning. Goal description Target Description Indicator ; 16. "[1], Indicator is 15.9.1 is the "Progress towards national targets established in accordance with Aichi Biodiversity Target 2 of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020".[7]. The United Nations General Assembly has defined Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) as a dynamic and evolving concept that aims to maintain and enhance the economic, social and environmental values of all types of forests, for the benefit of present and future generations (Resolution A/RES/62/98). From 2000 to 2020, forest area increased in. Downloads. Explore more SDSN publications on data, monitoring & accountability. Forests cover 30 percent of the Earth's surface, provide vital habitats for millions of species, and important sources for clean air and water, as well as being crucial for combating climate change. [6], The full title of Target 15.1 is: "By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements."[1]. Between 2000 and 2016, the worldwide under-five mortality rate decreased by 47 percent (from 78 deaths per 1,000 live births to 41 deaths per 1,000 live births). It is very important to understand the political relevance of SDG 15 and act accordingly. "[1], The Mountain Green Cover Index measured the percentage of mountain environments covered by green areas and the capacity of those areas to fulfil their ecosystem roles.[6]. Explore the proposed SDG Global Monitoring Indicators arranged by target. [7], The official development assistance (ODA) is defined by "the flows to countries and territories on the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) list of ODA recipients and to multilateral institutions". First, an indicator should be a management tool, 18 to help countries develop implementation and monitoring strategies for achieving the 19 SDGs and to monitor progress. And they are encouraged to supplement the list with indicators of their own, matching their own needs. The SDG targets 15.1 By 2020, ensure conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements The Sustainable Development Goals are a collection of 17 global goals set by the United Nations. This indicator list is not final, and it is also not mandatory: countries will be asked and invited to use it, voluntarily, when they report to the UN, as part of the SDG implementation process we wrote about earlier. The three "means of achieving targets" include: Increase financial resources to conserve and sustainably use ecosystem and biodiversity; finance and incentivize sustainable forest management; combat global poaching and trafficking. This will give a clear picture of the costs of achieving this goal. As of 2020, there are  now 146 contracting parties to the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, and  56  countries have  provided information  about their access and benefit-sharing measures. Each SDG has specific targets addressing different components, in this case, of life on land. Explore more SDSN publications on data, monitoring & accountability. CONTEXT: About 30% of the carbon dioxide released by anthropogenic combustion of fossil fuels dissolves in the ocean forming carbonic acid. How is the world doing on this goal? Soil organic carbon. This indicator is used to track countries’ participation in protocols related to the promotion and sharing of genetic resources for plants, food and agriculture. SDG-targets.csv: A CSV file of the targets (code and description). Between 15 October 2018 and 17 April 2020, a range of changes have been made to the indicators. Four of them are to be achieved by the year 2020, two by the year 2030 and the rest have no target year. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels. Below we quote the original text of all Targets and show the data on the agreed Indicators. Publisher: Umweltbundesamt . [citation needed], The 15th of 17 Sustainable Development Goals to protect life on land, Target 15.1: Conserve and restore terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems, Target 15.2: End deforestation and restore degraded forests, Target 15.3: End desertification and restore degraded land, Target 15.4: Ensure conservation of mountain ecosystems, Target 15.5: Protect biodiversity and natural habitats, Target 15.6: Protect access to genetic resources and fair sharing of the benefits, Target 15.7: Eliminate poaching and trafficking of protected species, Target 15.8: Prevent invasive alien species on land and in water ecosystems, Target 15.9: Integrate ecosystem and biodiversity in governmental planning, Target 15.a: Increase financial resources to conserve and sustainably use ecosystem and biodiversity, Target 15.b: Finance and incentivize sustainable forest management, Target 15.c: Combat global poaching and trafficking. 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